The challenges of delivering the PTP telecom profile with the required accuracy are important in Ethernet / MPLS networks. There is also a renewed interest in time testing for both network commissioning and troubleshooting.
SONET / SDH and Ethernet serve different purposes in the realm of telecommunications, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. While Ethernet has become the dominant technology SONET / SDH continues to be utilized in certain scenarios.
This Post is an introduction to the long haul communication protocols that manage the power utility infrastructures. We are using timing as the key perspective while following the installation and commissioning good practices.
C37.94 is a widely used method in the industry for protecting power lines. It automatically trips a breaker on a line in the event of a fault, to isolate the fault and minimize damage to equipment and interruptions to power supply.
xGenius and Zeus can simulate TDM network dynamics by generating impairments on a line that controls the C37.94 protection protocol. It is essential to test the impact these errors may cause in the lab or the field.